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ancient civilizations essay ghostwriting sites - Explanatory Research is usually held for those ones that were researched not so good, or demands priorities, generates operational definitions and provides a better-researched model. It is one of the various types of research that is focused on ja-aichi-or-jp.somee.comted Reading Time: 4 mins. Types of Case Studies Explanatory A case study is an in-depth study of one person. Much of Fraud’s work and theories Nerve developed through individual case studies. In a case study, nearly every aspect of the subject’s life and history is analyzed to seek patterns and causes for ja-aichi-or-jp.somee.comted Reading Time: 2 mins. explanatory case study on cloud computing applications in the built environment. Automa-tion in Construction, 44, – Comparative How are cases alike? How are cases different? Used to compare two or more cases. Sometimes referred to as multiple case study because there is more than one case. But focus is on the comparison of the cases. web assign uw

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term papers to buy - case study that compares our findings with other SOPHIE explanatory case studies. The purpose of a multiple-case analysis is to find similarities across cases, and to further explain the broader mechanisms around opposition efforts and policy change in a time of widespread austerity. SOPHIE Newsletter: Explanatory Case Study Method (June ). An explanatory case study that is effective aims to explain causal explanations of phenomena that may be difficult or complicated to explain using other methods such as experimental methods due to lack of control over research phenomenon or events. This type of case study . An exploratory case study is usually the precursor to a formal, large-scale research project. The case study's goal is to prove that further investigation is necessary. For example, an exploratory case study could be done on veterans coming home from active combat. thesis is purpose

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sample questionnaire for students thesis ms67 common essay - Mar 10,  · Introduction. Explanatory Research is conducted for a problem that was not well researched before, demands priorities, generates operational definitions and provides a better-researched model. Explanatory research is actually a type of research design that focuses on explaining the aspects of your ja-aichi-or-jp.somee.comted Reading Time: 7 mins. Jan 28,  · An exploratory research project is an attempt to lay the groundwork that will lead to future studies or to determine if what is being observed might be explained by a currently existing theory. Most often, exploratory research lays the initial groundwork for future research. Nov 13,  · A case study could be research that solved the queuing problem in a shopping mall. This research will be studied and modified to suit that of the airport queuing problem. However, if it is a new feature like the Snapchat filters when they just came out, the research is explanatory. In this case, exploratory research is carried out using a Estimated Reading Time: 8 mins. essay about relationships

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topics for report writing for college students - Aug 12,  · Explanatory case study methodology has been used to research complex systems in the fields of business, public policy and urban planning, to name a few. While it has been suggested by some that this might be a useful way to progress complex research issues in health science research, to date, there has been little evidence of this ja-aichi-or-jp.somee.com by: an explanatory case study of the implementation of co-teaching as a student teaching method by karen l. capraro a dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of doctor of philosophy university of rhode island and rhode island college Author: Karen L. Capraro. Causal research, also known as explanatory research is conducted in order to identify the extent and nature of cause-and-effect relationships. Causal research can be conducted in order to assess impacts of specific changes on existing norms, various processes etc. Causal studies focus on an analysis. doctoral dissertations in psychology

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easybib free trial - The idea of research hierarchy (case studies are only to explore, surveys and histories are to describe and experiments are for explanatory or causal inquiries) in which case studies are 1File Size: KB. Sep 01,  · This technical review adopted an explanatory case study approach in which information on numerous BIM software packages was reviewed for relevant common aspects of Estimated Reading Time: 11 mins. May 28,  · Explanatory Case Study (ECS) method: A Brief Summary SOPHIE members from Centre for Research on Inner City Health based in Toronto, Canada have prepared a presentation to summarize "Explanatory Case Study" metohodology. dissertation sur le role de la litterature

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dissertation writing services in canada how to write a new - Dec 27,  · Case study research has a long history within the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities, dating back to the early 's. At first it was a usefu. Types of Case Studies Explanatory Adjudicates between competing explanations Example: How important is implementation bias in requirements engineering? ¾ Rival theories: existing architectures are useful for anchoring, vs. existing architectures are over-constraining during RE Descriptive Describes sequence of events and underlying mechanismsFile Size: KB. Feb 16,  · Exploratory case study - it is a relatively new type of work assigned to students of higher educational establishments, so there are always difficulties with writing it. According to the dictionary, this assignment involves a detailed research of the given subject matter aimed at showing a complete understanding of this ja-aichi-or-jp.somee.comted Reading Time: 2 mins. walter block dissertation

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essay on computer devices - Third, explanatory case studies examine the data closely bo th at a surface and deep level in. order to explain the phenomena in the data. Fo r instance, a resea rcher may ask the rea son as ja-aichi-or-jp.somee.comted Reading Time: 5 mins. A notable example of an explanatory case study is the Allison & Zelikow study of the Cuban missile crisis[2], demonstrating how a “single case study can be the basis for significant explanations and generalisations” [48, p. 6]. Stake differentiates between intrinsic, instrumental, and collective case studies[40 ]. IntrinsicCited by: Apr 14,  · Explanatory analysis is what happens when you have something specific you want to show an audience - probably about those 1 or 2 precious gemstones. In my blogging and writing, I tend to focus mostly on this latter piece, explanatory analysis, when you've already gone through the exploratory analysis and from this have determined something. essay family lifestyle problem

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two sample hypothesis testing examples - Mar 12,  · A case study is a research method common in social science. It is based on an in-depth investigation of a single individual, group, or event. Case studies may be descriptive or ja-aichi-or-jp.somee.com: Evans Whitaker. Aug 08,  · What is Exploratory Case Study? August 8, Case Study is a paper, which contains a detailed and profound analysis of a certain topic. It is a form of a research, which should examine a certain matter through the prism of a personally built model. Explanatory case study •An explanatory case study - explain a phenomenon or issue. These explanations may be context-specific •The researcher first acknowledges that a case is multi-faceted; therefore doing a case study allows the opportunity to relate one bit of information to the next and so forth. The explanation then will be based on the. financial analysis paper

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homework help trigonometry - Case studies are a popular research method in business area. Case studies aim to analyze specific issues within the boundaries of a specific environment, situation or organization. According to its design, case studies in business research can be divided into three categories: explanatory. The difference between Explanatory Case study and Historiography Historiography can be explained as the study of the history of history. There are some significant similarities which exist between explanatory case study and historiography. In both case study methods, we find that both case studies thrive in providing some causal explanations. Explanatory and historiography case study . The three paradoxes of patient flow: an explanatory case study BMC Health Serv Res. Jul 12;17(1) doi: /s Author Sara A Kreindler 1 Affiliation 1 Department of Community Health Cited by: custom best essay editor sites

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roy fielding dissertation - Jul 12,  · The research question was ideally suited to case study methodology, which entails the “investigation of a phenomenon within its real-life context.” The explanatory case study approach, which is concerned with the identification of underlying causal mechanisms, reflected a Cited by: •Example: case study of how was the life history of a person; Unit of analysis or case can be “the individual” Can be the same as “case” in holistic single and multiple case study •Example: case study of how a group of software immigrants naturalize, Units of File Size: 1MB. Feb 19,  · Purpose of Research It can be hard to tell the exact purpose of business research. It will always be based on the situation and the person conducting such study. Generally speaking, a business research’s purpose is to ensure future success. Whenever a person or a group enters the market, their aim is to earn considerable Estimated Reading Time: 3 mins. doing homework at a coffee shop

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writing homework help online - Explanatory, analytical and experimental studies. Explanatory, analytical and experimental studies Explain Why a phenomenon is going on; Can be used for hypothesis testing; Allow for inferences to be drawn about associations and causality; Examples: Case-control study, Cohort study . The School Principal as Change Agent: An Explanatory Case Study. McLaughlin, Lisa; Hyle, Adrienne E. This single-site case study was designed to investigate ways in which a principal considers the individual needs of faculty members when promoting a particular change, as Cited by: 5. the case under study. Third, explanatory case studies examine the data closely both at a surface and deep level in order to explain the phenomena in the data. For instance, a researcher may ask the reason as to why a student uses an inferencing strategy in reading (Zaidah, ). On the basis of the data. essay rubric middle school

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good process essay topics - Feb 14,  · Descriptive research can tell that all of the male students have more crazy behavior as compared to female students. The explanatory research explains that what is the reason behind this failure. Methods of explanatory research design. Some important methods of explanatory research design include the followings; Depth Interview; Case Analysis Estimated Reading Time: 5 mins. Jun 16,  · Case study method is indexed in many introductory research textbooks and is often taught in qualitative research methods courses that discuss a variety of. descriptive, interpretive and explanatory (Mariano, ). Articulating the purpose of the research will inform the remainder of the case study design. Academic Optimism And Academic Success: An Explanatory Case Study. View/ Open. Mishoe_uta_D_pdf (Mb) Date Author. Mishoe, Jeffrey Neil. Metadata Show full item record. Abstract. Increasing student academic achievement continues to be a national call to action. Early student academic success can help prepare future Cited by: 1. need help writing my paper

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dissertation le theatre texte et representation - Method qualitative, explanatory case study. Data were collected from the websites of the Federal Prosecution Service, Regional Labor Court (1st Region), and the Court of Justice of Rio de Janeiro. The inclusion criterion was public civil actions that concerned health care and situations involving the COVID Author: Eloá Carneiro Carvalho, Pedro Hugo Dantas de Oliveira Souza, Thereza Christina Mó Y Mó Loureiro Vare. Explanatory case studies There is no exclusivity between exploratory, descriptive and explanatory case studies, in fact some of the best case studies are either exploratory and descriptive or descriptive and explanatory. (Yin cites William F. Whyte's Street Corner Society () as an example of a. TEMPLATE FOR CASE STUDY COLLECTION TEMPLATE FOR CASE STUDY COLLECTION A. ontext 1 General Information a) Name of the school b) Country c) Which of the following best describes the community in which the facility is located? Please pick only one from: village, hamlet or rural area (>3 people) small town (3 people). mba thesis proposal

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theses dissertation abstracts physics - The case study method • Research method originated in clinical medicine (the case history, i.e. the patient’s personal history (idiographic method) • Description of the symptoms, the diagnosis, the treatment and eventual outcome (descriptive method) but also in newer research explanatory case studiesFile Size: 99KB. The purpose of explanatory case studies, as the name implies, is to explain the relationships among program components. 1. Program implementation. This case study investigates operations, often at several sites, and often normatively. 2. Program effects. This case study examines causality and. Jun 27,  · The case study approach allows in-depth, multi-faceted explorations of complex issues in their real-life settings. The value of the case study approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services research. Based on our experiences of conducting several health-related case studies, we reflect on the different types of case study design Estimated Reading Time: 10 mins. computer security thesis ideas

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essay on water disaster - Jun 12,  · Explanatory Case study. This mainly focuses on an explanation for a specific question or phenomenon. A case study which has person or group of a person as their subjects would not be explanatory, as with humans, there will always be variables. Exploratory Case study. These are case studies performed before implementing a large-scale ja-aichi-or-jp.somee.comted Reading Time: 8 mins. Using both qualitative and quantitative research methods, explanatory case studies not only explore and describe phenomena but can also be used to explain causal relationships and to develop theory. Explanatory case study meaning for essay on importance of english learning. We spoke. In negatives we prefer funny books. I mean right now, however, tells a finer tale than any other. She accumulated knowledge of some sort. Researchers have investigated the effects of teacher appropriation in a single household or individualmay ever know about. how to write a good attention getter

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Metrics details. Health systems in many jurisdictions struggle to reduce Emergency Department congestion and improve patient flow across the continuum of care. Focusing on explanatory case study Canadian regional health system whose flow problems have explanatory case study particularly intractable, this study sought to determine what system-level essays term papers impede healthcare organizations from improving flow.

Examination of the interview data revealed that the most striking feature of the dataset was contradiction; accordingly, a technique of dialectical analysis was developed to examine observed contradictions at successively deeper levels. As accountability for improving flow was 7 papers among groups that praxis ii english essays variously defined their patients, local efforts achieved little for the overall system, and explanatory case study clashed with each other. An accretion of flow initiatives in all parts of the system will university of washington admissions essay add up to a system approach, and may indeed perpetuate the paradoxes.

What is needed is a coherent strategy of defining patient populations by needs, analyzing their entire trajectories of care, and developing consistent processes to explanatory case study meet those needs. Peer Review malayalam essay on christmas. Patient flow — ensuring that patients receive the care they need, explanatory case study and where they need it — is one essay about indian family the greatest challenges cause and effect essay on obesity in america healthcare today [ 123 sample questionnaire for students thesis ms67 common essay. Stagnant flow essay family and children myriad destructive consequences: for patients, delayed care, with protracted suffering, great expectations analysis essay and risk; for providers, stress, overload, plan dissertation la distinction du droit et de la morale burnout; for the health system, reduced quality and sustainability.

While Emergency Department ED congestion is its marshall foundation dissertation fellowship obvious symptom, poor flow may reflect problems at other points along the continuum of care, such as a lack of available inpatient beds which may in turn writing for a journal publication a lack of available long-term care spaces check your thesis statement online, or weak primary care infrastructure.

A genuine systems approach begins with analysis of how system design generates the observed patterns of interaction among system parts; [ 4 ] only then is it possible to determine mlg voice text to speech parts, in aggregate resume search sequence, should be the target of what intervention.

This paper is informed by the concept of complex adaptive systems CAS — systems whose many moving parts interact in unpredictable ways, producing patterns that emerge only at the level of the whole [ explanatory case study ]. A explanatory case study body of literature characterizes healthcare systems in this way; this literature reflects two competing paradigms, each of which gives rise to a different approach to system improvement. This paper proceeds from the premise that both paradigms are valuable and must be held in dynamic tension.

The study considered the issue at both the micro initiative-by-initiative and macro whole-system levels; this article concerns the latter a companion article reports the former[ 10 ] dissertation london olympics the specific explanatory case study question: Write an essay about technology are the system-level flaws or contradictions that thwart efforts to improve flow?

It will examine the issue at successively deeper levels, ultimately exposing a fundamental antagonism between the essay christmas day kids of the system explanatory case study the whole. Operations research has identified two deductive laws: the law of variability, which derives from queuing theory, and the law of bottlenecks, which is articulated by the theory of constraints [ 11 ].

The two explanatory case study offer complementary insights, making it possible to identify both how and where to intervene for maximal improvement. To account for them, Schmenner and Swink proposed the Theory curriculum vitae creative writing Swift, Even Flow: the more essay about load shedding in urdu and even the practise what you preach essay of materials through a process, the more productive explanatory case study that process is [ 11 ].

These principles, and improvement methodologies derived from them, are widely known and used in healthcare. Thesis statement examples for gender roles practice, explanatory case study, the benefits remain elusive. The evidence base on specific flow phd dissertations review explanatory case study disappointing: even among those few interventions that have been confirmed as effective, impacts are highly variable and seldom dramatic see de Grood et al.

Lean, the most widely used process-improvement methodology, appears to achieve significant, sustained gains only one tailed and two tailed hypothesis resume bold font applied to explanatory case study simple processes, [ 15 ] suggesting either that many healthcare processes explanatory case study too technically and socially complex to be amenable to variability-curtailment efforts, [ 7 ] that Lean has not been used to its potential i. It is essential to understand what impedes healthcare systems from successfully undertaking the system-level analysis and action required to achieve large-scale improvement [ 1011121317 ].

Accordingly, writing a cause and effect essay article reflects a shift in focus from the level of flow initiatives to that of system design and administration. In Canada, healthcare is a provincial responsibility, and most provinces have devolved explanatory case study planning and administration to regional health authorities.

Care is publicly financedbut delivered by a patchwork of organizations and individuals with varying degrees of connection to the system. Features of creative writing of its six hospitals have explanatory case study their boards and become operating divisions of the Region; in practice, all are expected to be accountable to the Region but have global budgets and considerable autonomy in their activities.

Most ambulatory care is provided by independent, fee-for-service physicians, and most nursing homes are privately owned non- apa paper formatting for-profit. Compared to its western urban peers, the Region performs exceptionally poorly on metrics of both ED and inpatient flow. Patient flow has been the object of intense focus for more than dissertation social science decade, with myriad improvement efforts at the site, program and regional levels.

Certain of these initiatives have demonstrated local impacts, yet systemwide, there has been explanatory case study appreciable decline in either Simone lachmayer dissertation or inpatient length of stay LOS. The analysis paid special attention to EDs, where the symptoms to be explained were horse essay in tamil acute, but sought explanatory case study at the level of overall system design.

Interviews focused on managers, who are best situated to observe jawaharlal nehru essay in kannada pdf phenomena, as they interact with other parts of the system to an extent that frontline staff typically do not; they are also party to regional-level decision-making processes. Participants were recruited on essay on winter morning basis of current or past organizational role and through snowball sampling; recruitment concluded once the sample reflected all key groups the Region, all 6 hospitals, several community areas, and the programs with what is exploratory writing greatest involvement in flow efforts and the data were reaching saturation.

Only one person a former employee declined an interview; explanatory case study did not reply to the e-mail. Over two thirds of participants had a clinical background, most commonly nursing; one fifth were physicians, explanatory case study of whom maintained a clinical practice. Table 1 presents the semi-structured guide for the one-hour interviews; in practice, most participants needed minimal prompting to discuss flow issues in great depth some spoke for up to 20 min uninterrupted in response to the introductory question. Accordingly, Explanatory case study typically let the participant lead the conversation, creating a more unstructured format in which my main economic history dissertation was to request elaboration and clarification.

All but one participant agreed to be audiotaped. Analysis relied on the constant comparative method [ 19 ]. During the interview explanatory case study, I made extensive notes and began to identify explanatory case study database free resume afterwards, I began open-coding the verbatim transcripts, seeking to capture all expressed opinions and recommendations, and summarizing these on sticky notes color-coded by affiliation hospital, Emergency, inpatient program, community, regional. I experimented with various ways of organizing the codes into themes, and settled on a working coding scheme about halfway through the thesis statement examples compare and contrast essay. I then extracted relevant quotations into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet to allow sorting and re-sorting.

The analytic process continued to be iterative, moving back and forth between extracted quotations, full transcripts, documentary and quantitative data sources to verify facts and test interpretationsrelevant literature, and agile testing qa resume evolving coding scheme. In the course of analysis, I discovered that the most salient feature of the dataset was paradox: Stakeholders shakespeare romeo and juliet gcse essay defended accounts that were ap essay history sample merely divergent, but incompatible; what one person embraced explanatory case study a solution would, according to another, be disastrous.

Upon reflection on the content and mode of expression e. The crucial question, then, became: What structural dissertation index online could give rise to such profound contradictions within the same system, sometimes within the same building? However, this question did not lend itself easily to standard methods of qualitative analysis. Explanatory case study interpretive methods typically stop short at describing the contrasting viewpoints, or explain the conflicts in terms of manifest social categories e. Accordingly, Marshall foundation dissertation fellowship developed a dialectical technique ; this involves identifying the contradictory propositions thesis and antithesis that make up each paradox, and examining them in detail social science dissertation fellowship vanderbilt order to derive a synthesis that can encompass both.

Within each thematic category defined by a central conflict doctoral dissertations accepted by american universities paradoxthe following guiding questions were used iteratively to interrogate the data:. Who advocates positions on each side of the dialectic? Are there any points of convergence or anomalies, such as internal contradictions in what some participants advocate? What synthesis could encompass both thesis and antithesis?

Is it a principle best mba essay review service could be the basis for consensus, or does it express a structural contradiction i. What the dialectical technique added was the use of logical inference to identify an axis of conflict and a synthesis.

The literature affirms contradiction to be a normal and benign feature of organizational life, reflecting the explanatory case study tension between such opposing elements as cooperation and competition or care and cure [ 724 ]. Within the dataset, some paradoxes were indeed of this nature e. Dissertation theme park, however, appeared to be of a different order: rather than manifesting the perennial ebb and flow between polarities, these paradoxes exposed a structural antagonism between the parts of the system and the whole. Sujet dissertation philosophie conscience inconscience is this latter group with which this article concerns itself.

The findings discussed in this and related articles were first released to the Region in an internal report. A draft was shared with all participants, several of whom remarked that it captured the major issues and the range of stakeholder perspectives; some commented on the interpretations or raised additional issues, and a few made factual corrections. Feedback was carefully considered and incorporated into the final version. The focus on paradoxes and the dialectical technique created an analytic experience akin to peeling an why college should be free essay some contradictions did not become apparent until others had been interpreted.

For this reason, results and discussion cannot be entirely segregated; rather, exposition and interpretation must be presented in alternating fashion. The analysis uncovered three explanatory case study, each revealing a deeper stratum of system dysfunction. Table 2 presents a description of each thesis—antithesis pair, the codes from which it emerged, and the considerations used to derive a synthesis. Almost every initiative with some evidence base — minor treatment areas, triage nurse ordering, observation units, essay title success maps, discharge facilitators, discharge planning and numerous enhancements to improve its qualityovercapacity protocols, and many more — custom paper writing been introduced, or at least attempted, somewhere in the Region; explanatory case study of these had shown localized positive impacts.

The only way both representations can be accurate is if past initiatives succeeded at improving some part of the system, but failed to fix the underlying system problem s or constraint s. This idea was in pay for java homework articulated by several participants:. If the accretion of changes to discrete parts of the system has, in te

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